Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) in Psychology Homework
As a psychology student, there are some frequently asked questions you need to know about. Whether it's sitting for your examination or doing your psychology assignment at home, understanding how to respond to these questions can go a long way in helping boost your overall grade.
Here are the 4 frequently asked questions about psychology assignments. Read on to find out more.
1. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the study of behavior and the mind. It’s a scientific discipline that lets people gain insight into other people's actions and actions. Therefore, the subject helps students understand people’s behavior and thinking based on their actions.
According to APA (American Psychological Association), psychology is simply the study of the mind, the way it performs its functions, and its effects on human behavior.
2. What Is the History of Psychology?
Although most of the advancements in psychology have been within the last 100 years, the origin of this discipline dates back to about 500 years BC. This was in ancient Greece. During these days, philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, Plato discussed most of the topics studied in psychology today. Some of these topics include:
· Free will
According to the scholars, the brain worked in two major theoretical perspectives; structuralism, functionalism. Most students who visit GradeWriters for psychology assignments help face challenges understanding the difference between structuralism and functionalism when required to explain these terms concerning psychology history. Let’s now look at each of these terms.
Structuralism is a term given to Wilhelm Wundt’s approach towards psychology between 1832 and 1920. The name focuses on explaining mental processes and divides them into some of the most basic components. The term was first coined by Edward Titchener – a student or trainee of Wundt.
You might be wondering: “how did Wundt influence structuralism?” Here is the answer. Even though Wundt did coin the name structuralism, he clearly distinguished between psychology and philosophy. He analyzed how the mind works objectively – using measurement and control.
Titchener classified the structure of the brain in the form of elements that you can find in nature. This is understandable because, during this time, there were several advancements in chemistry – scientists were discovering elements. According to him, understanding higher thinking and mental processing would be within reach if our minds' basic components were discovered, defined, and categorized.
Both Wundt and Titchener used introspection to determine the basic components of the human brain. The difference between the two is that Titchener used stricter guidelines in his introspective analysis. Structuralism faced a lot of criticism due to the use of introspection.
The functionalism approach developed as an alternative to structuralism. It was developed in the late 19th century by William James. However, James also used structuralism to explain the anatomy of the human mind. The approach considers behavior and mental life in terms of its adaptation to various environments. At first, functionalism only focused on how the mind functions but later involves behaviorism.
Unlike structuralism, functionalism was not concerned with the elements or the composition of the mind. Instead, James’s approach focused on how the human mind adapts to changing environments and situations. According to James, our brain evolves based on our current situations or environment, increasing a person’s chances of survival.
3. What Are the Main Branches of Psychology?
Being a scientific discipline, there is a considerable number of branches of psychology. That's why most students seek help with psychology homework. The fields of psychology deal with specific problems and questions from various perspectives. As such, always feel free to seek help at home, school, or assignment writing service providers like GradeWriters.
Although these branches have addressed different problems and concerns, they all have a common goal: to look into how humans think and behave. So let's now look at each of these fields in psychology.
Cognitive Psychology looks at a person's internal mental processes by analyzing their thinking, communication, learning abilities, etc. In short, it focuses on language, learning, memory, problem-solving.
It uses information-processing models to look at how human beings obtain information, processes it, and store the information in the brain. While most cognitive psychologies today mainly focus on studying and researching the brain, some offer therapy services to patients, especially those with dementia.
Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with treating and assessing mental abnormal behavior, mental illness, and psychiatric disorders. You may have come across a clinical psychologist in your college or university. Most of them work in these institutions, community centers, and others in private practices.
Other than these places, you will likely encounter a clinical psychologist in a mental health clinic or hospital. That is because they integrate theory, science, and practice to predict, understand, and relive a patient's problems. In addition, they rely on the emotional, intellectual, biological, behavioral, and social aspects of a person's performance.
Other than preventing and helping people alleviate pain, clinical psychologists are also involved in training and research. As an assignment writing service provider, we help students in this area quite a lot.
This branch of psychology focuses on the way people grow and change throughout their life. It is concerned with every person: Infants, young children, teenagers, adults, to older people. The aim is to explain why and how people change, including:
- Intellectual changes
- Psychological changes
- Social changes
- Emotional changes
- Perspective changes
It also looks at how the environment influences people's characteristics and how that affects their development. Developmental psychologists also work with patients to help diagnose and assess children to determine the cause of delays in their development.
Educational psychology is one of the most common branches of psychology. It looks at how students learn from their teachers, parents, administrators, and other students. It's concerned with teaching psychology, educational matters, and student issues in schools.
This field aims to improve student outcomes when working with other people, both at home and in school. For instance, it can look at what students do when they have plenty of psychology assignments. In this case, the educational psychologists may want to know if students will complain about the assignment, go home, and request their parents to help or seek a psychology assignment writing service.
The branch also looks at giftedness, learning liabilities, individual differences, and instructional processes.
Forensic psychology involves the application of psychology in legal matters. It involves the use of psychology in criminal investigations to guide legal proceedings. It can involve:
- Training First Respondents and Police Officers: This is meant to handle criminal or criminal scenes better. You may have probably heard of a case where a police office tampered with a crime scene. Well, that's because they were not well trained.
- Evaluating people: Forensic psychology is useful in evaluating and determining if a defendant is fit to stand trial.
Social psychology looks at the different ways social influence affects one's behavior. It uses scientific methods to explain how other people influence thoughts, feelings, and behavior. This branch of psychology looks at areas such as:
- Group behavior
- Nonverbal behavior
- Social perspective
This field of study looks at the psychological differences and similarities of people. It explains why some people behave in a particular way. For example, some people are more aggressive compared to others. In this case, personality psychology will seek to find out if the person has a disorder or not.
The focus of personality psychology is a person's characteristics like conscientiousness. It analyses how various traits influence one's personality. Other than carrying our research, personality psychologists also offer treatment to people who have been diagnosed with personality disorders.
Industrial-Organizational psychology, commonly known as I/O, is a field in psychology concerned with research and analysis of workplace issues such as behavior and productivity. The aim is to improve workplace efficiency and productivity and maximize people's well-being.
Industrial-organizational psychology seeks to find solutions to real-life problems. It looks at areas such as :
- Employee behavior
- Worker attitudes
- organizational processes
4. Why Is Psychology Important Today?
Psychology is helpful in various ways because it helps us know why people behave the way they do. With this kind of insight, psychology helps in stress management and decision-making. All of these help you build better relationships and improve your overall performance.
Today, a career in psychology can give multiple trajectories when it comes to your studies. That is because it has several branches that students can focus on. For example, a career in psychology can involve public-facing scenarios like family counseling or non-public-facing scenarios like researching to determine why people act in a certain way. Therefore, a career in psychology can help you become:
- A professor- helpful in research.
- Government agency - one that employs psychologists
- Run a business - can help you understand client behavior.
- Work in hospitals - clinical psychologist.